How is it Diagnosed
What is Endometriosis? > How is it Diagnosed
Endometriosis exists in different forms with different symptoms, signs and prognosis. Though an increased awareness of the variations of the disease has given rise to an increase in diagnosis, it remains a poorly recognized and understood illness, and confusion about appropriate management continues to surround the disease.
Despite advances in diagnostic technology, a confirmation of Endometriosis requires surgical biopsy. This is commonly obtained through a minimally invasive procedure called laparoscopy. Laparoscopy is typically performed on an out-patient basis and entails visualization of the abdomen and pelvic cavity through an instrument known as the laparoscope. Performed under general anesthesia, this surgery allows your surgeon to inspect the abdominal and pelvic regions (and beyond, as needed) to diagnose and subsequently remove the disease, utilizing his or her surgical modality and tool of choice (for example, the laser).
The use of ultrasounds, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computerized tomography (CT scan), and certain endometrial biopsy samples may be used as part of a diagnostic workup, but to date, anything less than surgical confirmation of Endometriosis is considered uncertain.